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Before we get started, please note that all instructions below are for Ubuntu Jaunty (9.04).

One package I always install since it was first added to the repositories is ubuntu-restricted-extras. It includes all components with legal issues in some countries that cannot be included by default, but can be published in the repository. Among the packages, it includes: Flash plugin, Microsoft fonts, the RAR file decompressor, the latest version of Java and dozens of codecs, including MP3, DVD and video encoded with DivX. To install:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

However, other very useful codecs and programs are not on the official repository. Fortunately, there is Medibuntu to fill the gaps.

1. To add Medibuntu repository, run this in a terminal:

sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/jaunty.list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list

Then add your public key with this command:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update 

Now you will have access to more proprietary video codecs like Microsoft WMV:
sudo apt-get install non-free-codecs

or encrypted DVD playback:
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

along with popular programs such as Skype:
sudo apt-get install skype

sudo apt-get install googleearth

sudo apt-get install mplayer

more media formats, etc.. If you want to see the complete list of packages, visit Medibuntu.

2. GetDeb.net Repository

A great source to easily find and install applications is GetDeb. This is not the official repository, but one built by the community. To add a terminal type:
echo "deb http://getdeb.masio.com.mx/ jaunty/" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/getdeb.list && sudo apt-get update

Once you add this repository, I recommend Guake if you want to have Quake-like drop-down terminal:
sudo apt-get install guake

Songbird to manage your music
sudo apt-get install songbird

Deluge for managing torrents:
sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent

Shutter as complete screenshots application:
sudo apt-get install shutter

FileZilla FTP:
sudo apt-get install filezilla

It is best to visit their website and decide what interests you.

3. Opera repository

Opera browser does not have an official repository, but you can add this one:
wget -O - http://deb.opera.com/archive.key | sudo apt-key add -

echo "deb http://deb.opera.com/opera etch non-free" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/opera.list && sudo apt-get update 

then you can install Opera:
sudo apt-get install opera

4. Official Google Repository

wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub -O- | sudo apt-key add -

echo "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/ stable non-free" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list 

Once the repo has been added, you can install Picasa Google Gadgets onto your Ubuntu Desktop:
sudo apt-get install picasa

sudo apt-get install google-gadgets-gtk

I have already written about Firefox and OpenOffice repositories, so you can check those articles if interested.

Obviously, this article could go on forever, but I'm going to stop here for now and probably write some follow-ups.

[credits: www.genbeta.com]
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